Bess and Dee (2012) wrote that "organizational theory is an eclectic field, drawing on many other fields, mostly in the basic social sciences such as psychology, sociology, and economics" (p. 10). Organizational theory can be useful in that it is designed to allow institutions to "identify patterns, engage in reflection, think systemically, analyze problems and take action effectively" (p. 10).
Officially, organizational theory can be defined as a group of related concepts which are part of a larger integrated framework which is can be used to predict or explain issues within an organization (Strauss& Corbin, as cited in Bess & Dee, 2012). Organizational theory is governed by three primary fields of thought including the positivism paradigm, the social constructionism paradigm and the postmodernism paradigm, all of which has influenced organizational leadership, practices and research (Bess & Dee, 2012).
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11. Conflict Theory